Eco Tourism in India
The immense popularity of eco-tourism stems from
the fact that people are becoming increasingly conscious of the
environmental hazards and the importance of the existence of diverse
flora and fauna. The ecological diversity of India is arguably the
most varied in the world. It is home to some of the rarest species
of flora and fauna. Animal lovers through out the world hope to
rediscover the wild life of India and there is no reason to doubt
that India is becoming a very popular destination for big game lovers.
Among the few extremely popular eco-tourism spots, Chennai Crocodile
Bank, Gir National Park, Corbett National Park, The Sundarban and
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary are famous worldwide. Tourism infrastructure
around these reserved forests and sanctuaries have developed and
these places have become very important tourist locales.
Corbett National Park
National Park is the first of its kind in India. This beautiful
sanctuary at the foot hills of the Himalayas, is a flourishing place
for the flora and fauna. The Corbett National Park is only 145 km
away from Lucknow and 51 km from Ramnagar. You can reach get to this place on a rented car but if you wish you can also travel by a bus.
This 201 sq mile park named after legendary naturalist Jim Corbett, has a good
number of tigers, leopards and elephants. Corbett National Park
is a tiger’s haven. There is also plenty of deer and wild
boars. With 110 species of trees, 50 species of mammals and 580
species of birds, the park is the ultimate eco-tourism destination
for all the animal lovers across the world.
mangrove swamp in the South of West Bengal is the place where the
Royal Bengal Tigers rule. These majestic big cats are fascinatingly
beautiful and extremely dangerous. Unfortunately these animals are
now on the verge of extinction. This marsh land has become a sanctuary
for these magnificent creatures in yellow and black strips. Deer,
antelopes, gaur and wild pigs also have made this marsh land their
Chennai Crocodile Bank
Crocodile Bank shelters seven species of crocodiles among which
three species are Indian. Occupying an area of 3.2 hectare, this
is also the largest crocodile breeding center in India. Located
42 km away from the coast of Chennai, the sanctuary plays host
to a number of Indian and African crocodiles and alligators. This
bank has produced more than 6000 crocodiles. There is also a large
reserve of venomous and non- venomous snakes. These fearsome predators
need the wilderness to flourish and this is just the place that
is perfect for their habitation. The crocodile bank is
35km south of Chennai and is situated beside the scenic East Coast
Highway. If you travel from Chennai to Mahabalipuram, the crocodile
bank falls on the wayside.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Bird Sanctuary, also called Ghana Bird Sanctuary, is spread over
an area of 232 sq km. The place is a fantasy in feathers. The best
time to visit the place is between the months of August and
October. Leave the birds to themselves and simply enjoy the beauty
of the scene. Bharatpur is reachable from Delhi, Agra and Jaipur.
You can take a bus from any of the three places. The nearest station
from Bharatpur is Agra. It has its own railway station and almost
all major trains halt at Bharatpur.
Gir National Park
of the Asiatic lion, this beautiful place on the west of India in
the state of Gujarat is the one of the most popular tourist destination.
It is a big game watchers paradise. The King of the jungle with
all its splendor can be found in Gir. Home to one of the rare species
in the world, Gir holds a position of great importance in the eco-tourism
map of India because of the fearsome predators that it hosts. Sprawling
over 3386 sq km, Gir National Park has a remarkable mix of deciduous
forest along with teak, acacia and banyan. This is a protected area
and hunting these magnificent animals is illegal. Gir National Park
is easily accessible. There is a railway station at Sasan itself.
There is also a bus stop. You may use your own vehicle to get there
if you so desire. Sasan is 100kms from Diu, 160 km from Porbander
and 160kms from Rajkot. Train and bus services are available from
Junagadh and Veraval.
Eco-tourism in India has flourished because of
the immense bio-diversity that exist nowhere else in the world.
It must, however, be realized that there is immense potential still
to be tapped in terms of making optimum use of the available natural