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TravelGoIndia » Culture of India » History of India

History of India

The diversity of India in terms of culture, architecture and society is so bewildering that it will confound beyond disbelief even the most seasoned traveler. Indian history traces its origin to the Indus Valley Civilization some 2500 years ago. There was a system of weight and measure even during the time. The planning was accurate and every house had bathroom and were connected to the sewerage system of the city.


The Aryan invasion of the sub-continent effectively brought about a change in the culture of India. The Vedas found acceptance as the true source of knowledge and this proved to be the beginning of modern Hinduism. Scientific exploration continued unabated and scientists like Aryabhatta gave to the world some of the fundamental things without which science would not have been what it is today. The history of India has been influenced by a number of factors. External aggression and subjugation by foreign power is one of the most important cause of this diversity.


Indian architecture is extremely rich and people from all over the world come here to have a glimpse of the wonderful temples, forts, caves and gateways. The caves of Ajanta and Ellora is classic example of fresco painting. The rock rathas (chariots) of Mahabalipuram and the architectural intricacies of South Indian temples stand testament to the quality and expertise of the builders of the time. Many such temples still mesmerize people who happen to visit them. UNESCO has granted World Heritage Site status to many of these architectural wonders. One such amazing creation is the Sun temple at Konarak, popularly called "Black Pagoda".


The colonial rule brought the country close to European influences. As an English colony, India suffered exploitation and this weakened the country economically. During this time the rise of nationalism was noticed. The nationalistic aspiration of Indians proved too much for the British and after World War II, a weakened Britain left India making it free but only after dividing it into two dominions of India and Pakistan. Independent India was born amidst communal riots and horrible blood bath.


Secularism has become the corner-stone of India’s state policy. Among the few countries of the world that respect voice of dissent, India allows its citizens freedom of speech and expression. As the largest functioning democracy of the world, India is an example of tolerance. Modern India is a fine mix of tradition and modernity. While the importance of agriculture has not diminished and pastoral way of life is still predominant, technology has reached dizzying heights.

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